Author: Lawrence Albert Pardo-Ilao - Naga City, Philippines

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Retrieve and display the list of DOS commands at command prompt

Command Prompt is a feature of Microsoft Windows that processes any tasks on your computer without using the graphical windows interface. By just typing any command, you can perform some administrative tasks typically only used by advanced users.

How can we get the list of commands that we can use at the command prompt?
- To view the list of common commands as shown below, type help at the command prompt, and then press Enter.

For more information on a specific command, type HELP command-name
ASSOC        Displays or modifies file extension associations.
AT               Schedules commands and programs to run on a computer.
ATTRIB      Displays or changes file attributes.
BREAK       Sets or clears extended CTRL+C checking.
CACLS        Displays or modifies access control lists (ACLs) of files.
CALL          Calls one batch program from another.
CD               Displays the name of or changes the current directory.
CHCP          Displays or sets the active code page number.
CHDIR        Displays the name of or changes the current directory.
CHKDSK    Checks a disk and displays a status report.
CHKNTFS  Displays or modifies the checking of disk at boot time.
CLS              Clears the screen.
CMD            Starts a new instance of the Windows command interpreter.
COLOR        Sets the default console foreground and background colors.
COMP          Compares the contents of two files or sets of files.
COMPACT  Displays or alters the compression of files on NTFS partitions.
CONVERT  Converts FAT volumes to NTFS.  You cannot convert the current drive.
COPY           Copies one or more files to another location.
DATE           Displays or sets the date.
DEL              Deletes one or more files.
DIR               Displays a list of files and subdirectories in a directory.
DISKCOMP Compares the contents of two floppy disks.
DISKCOPY Copies the contents of one floppy disk to another.
DOSKEY     Edits command lines, recalls Windows commands, and creates macros.
ECHO          Displays messages, or turns command echoing on or off.
ENDLOCAL Ends localization of environment changes in a batch file.
ERASE        Deletes one or more files.
EXIT           Quits the CMD.EXE program (command interpreter).
FC                Compares two files or sets of files, and displays the differences between them.
FIND            Searches for a text string in a file or files.
FINDSTR     Searches for strings in files.
FOR             Runs a specified command for each file in a set of files.
FORMAT   Formats a disk for use with Windows.
FTYPE        Displays or modifies file types used in file extension associations.
GOTO         Directs the Windows command interpreter to a labeled line in a batch program.
GRAFTABL Enables Windows to display an extended character set in graphics mode.
HELP          Provides Help information for Windows commands.
IF                 Performs conditional processing in batch programs.
LABEL       Creates, changes, or deletes the volume label of a disk.
MD             Creates a directory.
MKDIR      Creates a directory.
MODE        Configures a system device.
MORE        Displays output one screen at a time.
MOVE        Moves one or more files from one directory to another directory.
PATH         Displays or sets a search path for executable files.
PAUSE       Suspends processing of a batch file and displays a message.
POPD         Restores the previous value of the current directory saved by PUSHD.
PRINT        Prints a text file.
PROMPT    Changes the Windows command prompt.
PUSHD       Saves the current directory then changes it.
RD              Removes a directory.
RECOVER  Recovers readable information from a bad or defective disk.
REM           Records comments (remarks) in batch files or CONFIG.SYS.
REN            Renames a file or files.
RENAME   Renames a file or files.
REPLACE  Replaces files.
RMDIR       Removes a directory.
SET             Displays, sets, or removes Windows environment variables.
SETLOCAL Begins localization of environment changes in a batch file.
SHIFT         Shifts the position of replaceable parameters in batch files.
SORT          Sorts input.
START       Starts a separate window to run a specified program or command.
SUBST       Associates a path with a drive letter.
TIME         Displays or sets the system time.
TITLE        Sets the window title for a CMD.EXE session.
TREE         Graphically displays the directory structure of a drive or path.
TYPE         Displays the contents of a text file.
VER           Displays the Windows version.
VERIFY    Tells Windows whether to verify that your files are written correctly to a disk.
VOL           Displays a disk volume label and serial number.
XCOPY     Copies files and directory trees.

To view more information about each of these commands, type help commandname, where commandname is the name of the command you want more information about.

How do I run a command with elevated privileges?
- To run any command at Command Prompt as an administrator, you must make sure that cmd.exe is running with privileges. Click the Start button, In the search box, type command prompt. In the list of results, right-click Command Prompt, and then click Run as administrator. 

Hope this helps!



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